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Then, in 1936, when King Edward VIII abdicated from the throne and moved to France in exile, he took with him the Coronet of George, Prince of Wales – an illegal act which saw a brand new coronet having to be made for the next Prince of Wales, Prince Charles.  

When a swell in Welsh nationalist and anti-royalist feeling coincided with the then Prince Charles being made the Prince of Wales in 1969, action was taken. It was decided that Charles should spend some time getting to know Wales, Welsh history and the Welsh language, before his official Investiture in 1969. He therefore spent a term at Aberystwyth University, where he was tutored by the Plaid Cymru activist Edward Millward. Upon his arrival, he was greeted with protesters, some of whom held up placards that read ‘go home Charlie’.

When it came to the official Investiture, it was thought that the pomp and ceremony of a traditional ceremony would appeal to naysayers, with much of it copied from the 1911 Investiture of the future Duke of Windsor. There were media-savvy new flourishes though, designed with its broadcast on television in mind, including Charles giving a speech in Welsh, and new eye-catching robes and regalia. Many of these details were cooked up by Lord Snowdon, the husband of Princess Margaret, who was himself half-Welsh.

In the six decades that followed, Charles became the longest holder of the title in history. It was one that he relished, dedicating a week to touring the country every year, and even purchasing a home there, Llwynywermod.

The new Prince of Wales has also spent much time in the country. William and Kate’s first marital home was in Anglesey, when the royal worked as an air ambulance pilot from 2011-2013.