NEW YORK: Oil extended gains on Friday (Jun 4), with Brent topping US$72 a barrel for the first time since 2019, as OPEC+ supply discipline and recovering demand countered concerns about a patchy COVID-19 vaccination rollout around the globe.
The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries and allies on Tuesday said they would stick to agreed supply restraints. A weekly supply report on Thursday showed US crude inventories dropped more than expected last week.
Oil extended gains after US figures showed nonfarm payrolls increased by 559,000 jobs last month. The US dollar weakened after the report, making oil cheaper for holders of other currencies and lending support to oil prices.
Brent crude was up 60 cents, or 0.8 per cent, at US$71.91 a barrel by 1:27 p.m. (1727 GMT), after earlier touching US$72.17, its highest since May 2019.
US West Texas Intermediate crude was up 80 cents, or 0.8 per cent, at US$69.61, and earlier hit US$69.76, its highest since October 2018.
Oil prices also drifted higher after US energy firms this week cut the number of oil and natural gas rigs operating, for the first time in six weeks, data from energy services firm Baker Hughes showed.
“After much dilly-dallying, Brent appears to have found a new home above US$70,” said Stephen Brennock of oil broker PVM. “Summer and the reopening of the global economy is bullish for oil demand in the second half of the year.”
Brent was on track for a weekly gain of more than 3 per cent and US crude headed for a nearly 5 per cent rise. It is the second week of gains for both contracts.
Also boosting oil this week was a slowdown in talks between the United States and Iran over Tehran’s nuclear programme, which reduced expectations of a return of Iranian oil supply.
“Energy markets are locked in on Iran nuclear talks that should pick up next week,” Edward Moya, senior market analyst at OANDA said.
“The fifth round of negotiations will heat up next week and that should keep oil prices supported as Tehran will stick to their red lines for restoring the nuclear deal.”
Meanwhile, US crude output is likely to grow more slowly than previously expected as shale producers have added only a limited number of extra rigs to increase production, opting to push for higher prices and profits instead.
While rising demand and the fast pace of vaccinations in countries such as the United States have boosted oil, a slower inoculation rollout and high infections in the likes of Brazil and India are hitting demand in high-growth oil markets.
“Not every country in the world is on a full recovery mode yet, but at the moment no hiccup seems able to reverse the bullish momentum ushered in by strong summer demand,” Rystad Energy’s oil markets analyst Louise Dickson said.