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Myanmar military tightens grip as anti-coup protests enter fifth day

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YANGON: Tens of thousands of people took to the streets of Myanmar’s biggest city for a fifth consecutive day on Wednesday (Feb 10), defying a ban on protests as the military moved to tighten its grip on the country.

Crowds swarmed through Yangon demanding the release of Aung San Suu Kyi, facing down police a day after officers dispersed crowds elsewhere with tear gas and rubber bullets, and ramped up their harassment of the ousted leader’s party.

The sudden escalation of force against the demonstrations sweeping the country since last week’s coup prompted a fresh chorus of international condemnation after officers fired live rounds at one rally in the capital Naypyidaw.

Two people were critically wounded in the incident – including one woman who was shot in the head. Images depicting her in the moments after she was shot were by Wednesday appearing on a huge protest banner and had been widely shared online alongside expressions of grief and fury.

“They can shoot a young woman but they can’t steal the hope and resolve of a determined people,” UN special rapporteur Tom Andrews tweeted Wednesday.

Massive crowds returned to the streets of Yangon on Wednesday, where the day before they had faced off against a phalanx of riot police standing alongside water cannon trucks near Aung San Suu Kyi’s residence.

Protesters returned to the streets of Yangon on Wednesday morning, where the day before a large

Protesters returned to the streets of Yangon on Wednesday morning, where the day before a large crowd faced off against water cannon and a phalanx of riot police. (Photo: AFP/Sai Aung Main)

Though there were no reported clashes with authorities in the commercial hub on Tuesday, university student Khin Nyein Wai said she was still afraid.

“I still came out as I do not like the military dictatorship,” she told AFP. “This is for our future.”

READ: Myanmar military government’s cyber Bill would violate rights, critics say

More politicians from Aung San Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy were detained Tuesday along with 30 others – including a journalist from local broadcaster DVB – at a protest in Mandalay, the Assistance Association for Political Prisoners monitoring group said.

Their arrests in Myanmar’s second largest city came as police fired tear gas at protesters who were waving red NLD flags.

State media reported the crowd had thrown objects at police and injured four officers – its first direct mention of the protests since they began on the weekend.

“Therefore, the police members dispersed in accordance with the methods and laws,” the state-run Global New Light of Myanmar newspaper reported, without mentioning other police confrontations elsewhere in the country.

Hundreds of protesters in Mandalay were undeterred on Wednesday, returning to the streets carrying signs that said “Down with dictatorship”.

Myanmar has been roiled by a burgeoning civil disobedience campaign and massive street protests

Myanmar has been roiled by a burgeoning civil disobedience campaign and massive street protests. (Photo: AFP/STR)

Elsewhere, the discipline of security forces appeared to be breaking down, with four officers defecting from their lines in the eastern town of Loikaw to join the anti-coup protests, according to local media reports.

Soldiers raided NLD headquarters in Yangon after night fell, but party member Soe Win told AFP that his colleagues had been prevented from intervening due to a blanket curfew imposed on the city.

The following morning he arrived on the scene to find door locks broken, computer equipment missing, server cables cut and bank documents taken from a safe box.

‘RESPECT THE VOTE’

The military justified last week’s power grab by claiming widespread voter fraud in the November polls, which saw a landslide for Aung San Suu Kyi’s party.

It quickly moved to stack courts and political offices with loyalists.

In the 10 days since army chief Min Aung Hlaing ousted the Nobel laureate from power and ended a decade of civilian rule, Myanmar has been roiled by a burgeoning civil disobedience campaign and massive street protests.

READ: Myanmar junta leader asks Thai counterpart for help on democracy

Medical staff, air traffic controllers and teachers have staged strikes, while others have fronted for work wearing red ribbons on their uniforms or posed for photos while brandishing the three-finger salute adopted by the anti-coup movement.

Medical staff, air traffic controllers and teachers have staged strikes, fronted for work while

Medical staff, air traffic controllers and teachers have staged strikes, fronted for work while wearing red ribbons on their uniforms or posed for photos while brandishing the three-finger salute adopted by the anti-coup movement. (Photo: AFP/STR)

By Wednesday, the military announced that special hotlines have been set up for civil servants to report if they were being bullied for not participating in anti-coup activities.

A tech-focused Myanmar civil society organisation also tweeted that a draft cyber security bill had been sent to telecoms companies – which last week were ordered to briefly shut down internet services.

According to MIDO, the bill will allow the military to “order shutdowns, website bans, content take downs and interceptions”, while also requiring social media platforms to hand over users’ metadata to authorities upon request.

CRISIS TALKS

The United States, which has led international condemnation of the coup, on Tuesday renewed its call for freedom of expression in Myanmar – and for the generals to step down.

The UN Human Rights Council has said it would hold a special session on Friday to discuss the crisis.

READ: How protesters in Myanmar get around social media and Internet blackouts

European Union foreign policy chief Josep Borrell warned the bloc could impose fresh sanctions on Myanmar’s military, but said any measures should be targeted to avoid hitting the wider population.

New Zealand became the first country taking action to isolate the military government by suspending high-level military and political contacts with Myanmar.

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