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Juneteenth: After decades, Opal Lee finally gets her day off

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image captionOpal Lee, 94, was at the centre of a campaign to recognise Juneteenth as a national holiday in the US

Opal Lee was 12 when a mob of white supremacists vandalised and set fire to her family’s home in Fort Worth, Texas.

Helpless, she watched her home burn to the ground as police stood by, doing nothing to stop the violence.

The attack happened in 1939 on 19 June, a symbolic date that commemorates the end of slavery in the US.

Known as Juneteenth, the date would leave a lasting impression on Ms Lee, who channelled her experiences of racism into a life of teaching, activism and campaigning.

“The fact that [the attack] happened on the 19th day of June has spurred me to make people understand that Juneteenth is not just a festival,” she told Fort Worth Star-Telegram newspaper in February.

“It should be a unifier. The slaves didn’t free themselves.”

For decades, Ms Lee worked tirelessly to get Juneteenth recognised as a national holiday in the US.

Now aged 94, Ms Lee has finally got her day off.

‘We waited so long’

On Thursday US President Joe Biden signed a bill into law to make 19 June a national holiday commemorating the emancipation of enslaved black Americans.

The bill was overwhelmingly passed by both houses of the US Congress a few days earlier.

Juneteenth marks the day on 19 June 1865 when enslaved black people in Texas learned they had been freed.

The liberation came more than two-and-half years after President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation during the US Civil War, declaring all enslaved people in the rebellious southern states to be free.

Enslaved Texans were among the last to be told they were free, following the end of the Civil War two months earlier.

Read more about Juneteenth:

media caption‘A celebration of life. A celebration of freedom’: What you need to know about Juneteenth

A national holiday to recognise this day was long overdue, said Ms Lee, who was present when President Biden signed the bill.

Hailing her as an “incredible woman”, Mr Biden gave Ms Lee the first pen he used to sign the bill into law. Mr Biden then asked the audience to give Ms Lee a standing ovation.

image copyrightEPA

image captionPresident Biden gave Ms Lee (third from left) the first pen he used to sign the bill

“We waited so long to be first-class citizens and this is one of the ways to acknowledge that our ancestors weren’t free for two-and-a-half years after the Emancipation Proclamation,” Ms Lee said.

“We still got much work to do and we see this as a great beginning to do something about the disparities in our country.”

The grandmother of Juneteenth

Affectionately known as the grandmother of Juneteenth, Ms Lee was born on 7 October 1926 in Marshall, Texas.

The attack on her family home in 1939 came two years after they had moved to a predominantly white neighbourhood in Fort Worth.

“The people didn’t want us. They started gathering. The paper said the police couldn’t control the mob,” Ms Lee told a local TV station.

In an interview with broadcaster CNN, Ms Lee said her parents buckled down, worked hard, bought a new home and never spoke of the incident again.

image copyrightGetty Images

image captionMs Lee received a standing ovation at the signing of the bill

In adult life, Ms Lee forged a career as a teacher in Fort Worth, where she worked in a primary school for 15 years. She later obtained a master’s degree in counselling and served as a school counsellor until her retirement in 1977.

Her retirement gave her the opportunity to plunge into activism.

She has been a prominent community organiser for several causes, including access to housing and preserving the history of black Americans in Fort Worth.

This commitment to recalling memories of her ancestors foreshadowed her Juneteenth campaign.

Change is afoot

As a teacher, Ms Lee helped organise festivals to mark Juneteenth which, she told the New York Times newspaper, was “like going to Christmas or Thanksgiving”.

But it wasn’t until later in life that the date took on renewed resonance. At 89, she decided something needed to be done.

In 2016, Ms Lee attempted to walk 1,400 miles (2,253km) from her home in Fort Worth to Washington DC in an effort to get Juneteenth named a national holiday.

She travelled 2.5 miles each day to symbolise the two-and-a-half years that black Texans waited for freedom after the Emancipation Proclamation.

image copyrightReuters

image captionAmericans have been celebrating Juneteenth across the US this weekend

With each footstep, Ms Lee walked closer to her goal.

This year, she’ll tread the same path knowing the hard yards have been done.

“Walking tomorrow is going to be a joy,” she told ABC News’s Good Morning America programme. “We need to go about the business of everybody participating.”

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