Thinking about adopting a heavily plant-based diet? Here’s the guide to get started.
Over the last few years, plant-based eating has achieved such a high level of popularity that everyone from Lizzo and Beyoncé to your next door neighbor has tried out some version of the diet. In fact, a 2017 Nielsen survey found that 39 percent of Americans are trying to eat more plant-based. And for good reason: A vegetarian diet — rooted in plant foods — offers plenty of health benefits, from reducing the risk of chronic disease to promoting a balanced gut.
If those perks — combined with the growing popularity of faux meat products and the countless Instagram accounts dedicated to drool-worthy plant-based recipes — have convinced you to jump on the bandwagon, follow this vegetarian diet plan to start your plant-based transition. Promise, it will make ditching meat completely stress-free.
Your Vegetarian Diet Plan
Before you learn how to become a vegetarian eater, you should probably get a quick recap on what, exactly, a vegetarian diet entails. In general, someone who follows a vegetarian diet will mainly eat plant foods and avoid animal proteins including meat and seafood, but they will eat eggs and dairy, says Alex Caspero, M.A., R.D., a registered dietitian and plant-based chef. This is sometimes called a lacto-ovo vegetarian diet.
There are other slight variations on the diet, including lacto-vegetarian (a person who eats plant foods and dairy products, but not eggs) and an ovo-vegetarian (someone who eats plant foods and eggs, but not dairy). This is not to be confused with a vegan diet, which generally eliminates all animal-based products, including meat, poultry, fish, dairy, eggs, and sometimes other animal-derived products such as honey. (Related: The Difference Between a Vegan vs Vegetarian Diet)
Start slow and steady.
Once you decide which animal products you’d like to keep in or nix from your meals, it’s time to get started on your vegetarian diet plan. While cutting meat cold turkey works for some, Caspero recommends most people gradually transition into being a full-fledged vegetarian, which can help make the diet more sustainable, she says. The first step: Take a good, hard look at the foods on your plate. If you usually eat three vegetables a week, amp that intake up to five or six for the next two weeks. From there, continue to slowly eat more plant foods (think: vegetables, fruits, whole grains, beans and legumes, nuts, and seeds) until your entire diet is plant-based, she explains.
While that strategy should make your transition easier, it can still feel overwhelming to take on a plant-based eating style completely on your own. That’s why Maya Feller, M.S., R.D.N., C.D.N., a registered dietitian nutritionist and Shape Brain Trust member, recommends chatting about your vegetarian diet plan with a registered dietitian or your healthcare provider. “I think it’s helpful to be as liberal as possible and to ensure you don’t go into it from a fear perspective, thinking that certain foods are ‘good’ and others are ‘bad,’” she explains.
Swap your meats for beans.
When you’re just starting out, it’s helpful to think about the plant foods you can use in place of meat, rather than trying to find meat-free recipes. “If you love chicken noodle soup, make a chickpea noodle soup, and if you eat ground beef tacos, make those lentil tacos,” suggests Caspero. In general, black beans and lentils are good subs for ground beef, chickpeas work as chicken, and tofu — made from soy beans — can replace meat in sandwiches, stir fries, and buddha bowls, she adds.
And all these beans come with plenty of perks. For starters, they’re packed with plant-based protein and fiber, key nutrients that help you feel full — not hangry, says Caspero. Plus, “the more beans you eat, the more soluble and insoluble fiber you’re going to get, and the more natural antioxidants you’ll consume, all of which will not only naturally boost your health, but also help to decrease chronic disease risk,” she adds. The key here is the fiber, a type of non-digestible carb that makes you feel satisfied after a meal, helps prevent constipation, and also plays a role in the prevention of type 2 diabetes and heart disease. (BTW, here’s how much fiber you *actually* need.)
Focus on whole, unrefined grains.
With hunks of meat no longer taking up half the plate, new vegetarians might start loading that empty space with good old carbs. While there’s nothing wrong with eating a slice of sourdough or bowl of pasta made from white flour now and then, Caspero recommends zeroing in on whole, unrefined grains, such as farro, buckwheat, and oats, which boast more fiber, protein, and vitamins than their refined counterparts.
“Instead of a bowl of cereal in the morning — which, yes, is vegetarian — maybe you now have a bowl of oats,” says Caspero. “And on top of that, maybe you add toasted buckwheat groats, which are so delicious or crunchy, plus hemp seeds, chia seeds, and some berries.” Even though that brekkie is carb-heavy, the oats themselves will provide you with 4 grams of fiber (or 14 percent of your recommended daily allowance) per serving, and the fruits and seeds will add even more.
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Don’t be afraid of carbs.
Reminder: Veggies and beans do boast quite a few carbohydrates. One medium sweet potato, for example, has 25 grams of carbohydrates, while a half-cup of black beans contains 20 grams. But even if the carb tally in a buddha bowl or grain bowl ends up matching that of a serving of pasta, Caspero encourages those following a vegetarian diet plan to re-shift their focus to the *types* of foods they’re eating, not the macronutrient profile. After all, these whole plant foods also contain roughly 4 and 7 grams of fiber, respectively.
Be mindful about faux meat products.
Thanks to their widespread availability, faux meat products have made it easier for vegetarian newbies to give up the real deal. But Feller warns that not all products are created equal, and you should look for ones that use high-quality ingredients, are minimally processed, and have limited added salt. “When you do have them, make it intentional,” she adds. Meaning, don’t eat the same way you did when you were eating meat, just swapping in faux meat products. “You want to make sure your plate is centered around whole and minimally processed plants,” she says. (Related: Here’s What You Really Need to Know About the Faux Meat Burger Trend, According to Dietitians)
Don’t stress about protein.
There’s long been a misconception that vegetarian and plant-based eaters can’t possibly eat enough protein, a fallacy Caspero says couldn’t be farther from the truth. “Plants have protein, and it’s better than animal protein because it also contains fiber,” she says. That half-cup serving of fiber-rich black beans packs 7.6 grams of protein, while a single chicken wing contains no fiber and roughly the same amount of protein. BTW, the average woman needs just 46 grams of protein a day, according to the USDA, and a study on more than 6,600 vegetarians found that, on average, participants scored 70 grams of the macronutrient daily. Translation: Don’t sweat about getting enough protein.
Plus, you’re still able to get all of the nine essential amino acids — the building blocks of protein that your body needs and you can only get by consuming food — through plant foods, says Caspero. In fact, a study published in the journal Nutrients stated that all plant foods contain all 20 amino acids (essential and non-essential), despite the common claim that certain plant foods are “missing” specific amino acids. While some amino acids are found in lower amounts in particular foods, eating a wide variety of plant foods ensures anyone following a vegetarian diet plan will get enough of them, she says. “Even things like soy foods are going to contain all of the amino acids in enough of the quantities where it’s not going to be much of a concern,” she adds.
Be aware of some potential nutrient deficiencies.
Even though you’re destined to meet your fiber quota on a vegetarian diet plan, you might lack other essential nutrients. For example, vitamin B12, a nutrient that helps keep the body’s nerve and blood cells healthy, is found primarily in animal foods and in some fortified foods such as cereals, making it tough to get your fill on plant foods alone. That’s why Caspero recommends those following a vegetarian diet take a B12 supplement to reach their daily recommended dietary allowance of 2.4 micrograms.
On the same token, vegetarians may also struggle to get enough iron, a mineral that’s used to make proteins in red blood cells that carry oxygen from the lungs throughout the body and to muscles. While there is iron in plants, the exact type isn’t absorbed as well as the type of iron found in meat, says Feller. That means that vegetarians need to consume nearly twice as much plant-based iron to get their fill, per the NIH. “In general, what we tell people is to have vitamin C with it [so the body absorbs it better] and to be intentional,” says Feller. “You may want to think about having some fortified grain products or taking a supplement if you’re seeing clinical manifestations of iron deficiency.” If you’re low on the nutrient, you might experience weakness and fatigue, difficulty concentrating, or gastrointestinal upset, according to the NIH.
To get your fill, try noshing on iron-rich plant foods such as tofu, chickpeas, and edamame paired with vitamin C-packed red and green peppers, broccoli, and Brussels sprouts — or talk to your doc or nutritionist about iron supplements if you think you’re having trouble getting enough.
Be willing to compromise with your family.
Adopting a vegetarian diet after decades of eating meat lover’s pizza isn’t tough only for you, but it can also put a strain on your relationships. “If you grew up in a place that is still really heavily meat-based or your family or partner still wants to eat an omnivore diet, there can be some friction when it comes to reducing or removing those foods completely,” she says.
To ensure no one feels like they’re giving up their favorite foods, Caspero recommends focusing on the meals the entire household enjoys that just happen to be vegetarian, whether it be falafel, curry, or classic veggie burgers. And remember, don’t try to shame your family or S.O. into eating exactly how you do. “Telling them they have to eat this way or else they’re going to get heart disease probably isn’t the best way to approach it,” she says. “Instead, center it around yourself and say ‘I’ve been eating this way and I feel better. I’d like to encourage both of us to do this. What are your thoughts?’ Bringing your partner into the decision making is always a good idea.”
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Vegetarian Diet Plan Meal Ideas
Despite the pervasive myth that vegetarian eating is as tasty as a brick, both Caspero and Feller stress that plant-based cooking can be incredibly delicious — if you do it right. “We are so accustomed to seasoning our animal proteins and we don’t season our vegetables, and then we expect a steamed veggie on our plate to be just as delicious,” says Feller. “If it’s the center of your plate, it needs just as much love as you’d give to a filet mignon.”
Sprinkle paprika, cumin, and chili powder over cauliflower florets before roasting them, coat tofu in cornstarch and sesame seeds before pan frying it, or let it marinate in a blend of cumin, turmeric, black pepper, onion, and garlic, suggests Feller. To create a homemade, protein-packed patty, combine grains and beans, such as barley and lentils, with spices and form into “meat” balls for your whole-wheat pasta. And for a veggie medley that never gets dull, combine produce like kale and collards or Brussels sprouts and asparagus, which have different flavors and mouth feels but work seamlessly together, she says.
And if you’re still struggling to devise creative, and more importantly, delicious vegetarian meals after all that trial-and-error, turn to these plant-based recipes. Thanks to their powerful flavors, fiber-filled ingredients, and simplicity, you won’t miss chicken one bit.
- This Vegetarian Paella Will Transport You to Spain
- 15 Vegetarian Recipes Even Meat-Eaters Will Love
- Delicious, Healthy Vegetarian Recipes for Weight Loss
- Easy Freekeh Recipes That Make Eating More Whole Grains a Cinch
- 17 Creative Vegetarian Recipes Using Leafy Greens
- High-Protein Vegetarian Dinners for When You Want Your Macros Without the Meat
- Super-Filling Roasted Veggie Frittata Recipe
- Vegetarian Bolognese Over Polenta Cakes
- Buddha Bowl Ideas for a Vegetarian Lunch
- 10 Filling Vegetarian Sandwiches
This story first appeared on www.shape.com
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