Australia is one of the world’s most sought after tourist destinations thanks to its plethora of ancient sites, natural beauty and bustling metro areas. Whether you’re a history buff, nature lover or love some city life, there’s something for every type of traveller. From Sydney to Uluru and from the ancient convict settlement ruins to industrial bridges, there are loads of famous monuments in Australia.
7 of the Most Famous Monuments in Australia
1. Sydney Opera House
Sitting on Bennelong Point in Sydney, few things are more iconic of Australia’s urban landscape than that of the Sydney Opera House. Considered to be one of the 20th centuries most recognisable and distinctive buildings, it’s certainly the most famous monument in Australia. According to UNESCO, “Its significance is based on its unparalleled design and construction.”
Formed some 550 million years ago and sacred to the native Pitjantjatjara peoples; this ancient, enormous sandstone monolith in Central Australia is one of the world’s most iconic and important ancient monoliths. Famous for its rust coloured hue and ancient aboriginal history, it’s also one of Australia’s most beloved and important historical sites.
3. The Sydney Harbour Bridge
Built in 1932 to connect North Shore Sydney with the CBD, the Sydney Harbour Bridge is one of the most popular landmarks in Sydney. The heritage-listed monument has affectionately been coined the coat hanger thanks to its shape. And at a whopping 1,149 metres, it’s the world’s sixth-longest arch bridge. The most popular activity is the Sydney Harbour Bridge climb which provides sweeping 360 views over the city.
4. The Shrine of Remembrance
Located in Melbourne and the National War Memorial of Victoria, the Shrine of Remembrance is one of the most unique of its kind. It was originally erected to honour the contributions of Victorian service members in World War 1, however, it now serves as a dedication to all Australian service members. Not only that, but it is famous for its unique architectural style drawing on the ancient Greek Parthenon.
5. Dinosaur Stampede National Monument
Head to the Lark Quarry Conservation Park in Queensland and you’ll find one of Australia’s most unique attractions. As the name suggests, this famous Australian monument is famous for its remnants of dinosaurs. With nearly 4,000 dinosaur footprints, you can witness the remnants of what was once an epic dinosaur stampede. Tracing back at least 95 million years, the age of the site alone is reason enough to visit.
6. Port Arthur
The Port Arthur Historic Site is home to Australia’s most intact convict settlement. Here you’ll find the remnants of convict’s lives including homes, ruins, an old coal mine, factory and more. Not only is it famous for its cultural significance, but it also highlights one of Australia’s darkest eras in history. Be sure to visit the penitentiary ruins and Convict Church.
7. Sydney Tower
Towering some 300 metres over Sydney, the Sydney Tower is the tallest structure in the city and one of the most iconic pieces in the city’s skyline. In addition to being the tallest building in Sydney, it also takes second place for the tallest observation tower in the Southern Hemisphere. Head up to the top for the most epic views imaginable.